國家災害防救科技中心,災害,科技中心,地震,防災,災防,颱風,土石流,警戒,淹水

國家災害防救科技中心,災害,科技中心,地震,防災,災防,颱風,土石流,警戒,淹水

國家災害防救科技中心

國家災害防救科技中心

國家災害防救科技中心,災害,科技中心,地震,防災,災防,颱風,土石流,警戒,淹水

國家災害防救科技中心

Technology Program Promotion and Policy Suggestion

Project Purpose

Technology application used in disaster prevention and reduction has been an important focus for the government. Since 1982, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has led the government divisions to promote a large-scale disaster-prevention technology-integration plan and two national disaster-prevention technology plans (National Science and Technology program for Hazards Mitigation and Program for Enhancing Innovation and Implementation of Disaster Risk Reduction, referred to as NAPHM and PEIIDRR), numerous results have been presented since then. However, in recent years, the climate has been changing and disaster patterns have become extreme and complex, for example, typhoon Morakot hit Taiwan in 2009 and caused significant casualties and losses, therefore, disaster prevention technology research and development needs to be strengthened and adjusted to face the future challenges.

After a holistic assessment and review by the Executive Yuan, and in consideration of urgent need to solve the current disaster prevention issues, the MOST has invited the relevant government divisions to jointly plan and promote the " Program on Applying Science & Technology for Disaster Reduction of the Executive Yuan" (referred to as the Program ASTDR) in 2010 to continuously synergize and enhance capacities of disaster prevention technology research and development, and promote implementation of applied technologies to reduce severe impacts of future catastrophes.

 

Collaboration with Other Units

1. The Program ASTDR is conducted in cooperation and coordination with government divisions, including MOST, Atomic Energy Council, Council of Agriculture (i.e., Soil and Water Conservation Bureau, Forestry Bureau, and Aerial Survey Office), Ministry of Economic Affairs (i.e., Water Resources Agency, Central Geological Survey, Bureau of Energy, and Commission of National Corporations), Ministry of Transportation and Communications (i.e., Central Weather Bureau, Institute of Transportation, and Directorate General of Highways), Ministry of the Interior (i.e., Department of Land Administration, National Land Surveying and Mapping Center, National Fire Agency, Architecture and Building Research Institute, and Construction and Planning Agency), Ministry of Education, and National Applied Research Laboratories (i.e., National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering, National Center for High-Performance Computing, National Space Organization, Instrument Technology Research Center, Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute, Taiwan Ocean Research Institute, and Science and Technology Policy Research and Information Center) to promote and integrate the Program outcomes.
2. Through operation of Disaster Prevention and Protection Expert Consultation Committee, expert meetings, and consultation committee sessions Analyze future potential disaster situations, propose short- term and long-term national policies on disaster-prevention technologies and complete legal procedures.

 

Primary Tasks

1. Operational management and results assessment of the Program ASTDR
  Act as advisor for promoting the Program. Key tasks involve assisting government departments and divisions in designing research topics and managing scientific research projects, establishing communication channels between government departments and divisions, constructing result-sharing and promotion mechanism, and examining and compiling annual results.
2. Integration and application of the ”Disaster Management Information Platform” (DMIP)
  Assist the MOST to promote the outcomes of the Program ASTDR to academic and research sectors in supporting application development for disaster reduction technology, the results were provided through the DMIP, which was jointly developed by the Office of the Program ASTDR, the National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction and the National Center for High-Performance Computing.
3. Consolidation of disaster prevention and response policy proposals
  Study and raise disaster prevention and response policy proposals through the legal system of Disaster Prevention and Protection Expert Consultation Committee, Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council and Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission. Topics include "disaster insurance policy proposals", "large-scale earthquake policy proposals," "program on science & technology for disaster reduction ". Main tasks are policy issues planning, expert meeting organizing, etc.

 

Key Achievements

1. Assisted the MOST to promote the Program ASTDR, continuously synergized and enhanced capacities of disaster prevention technology research and development, implemented disaster prevention and reduction tools and applications to mitigate impacts and losses of disasters, and economically enhanced the efficiency and effectiveness of implementation of the results application by information sharing.
2. Amended the Program ASTDR topics accordingly, including annual holistic planning, topic innovation, horizontal and vertical coordination cross government departments and divisions, outcomes integration, and application mechanism implementation.
3. Established the DMIP to aggregate results from government departments and divisions, this platform is a representative of government big data application website that practically provides disaster prevention related research services to academic and research sectors.
4. Connected domestic disaster prevention technology researches and integrated research outcomes through the Program promotion and implementation to enhance capacities of national disaster prevention and response.
5. Studied and raised disaster prevention and response policy proposals through the legal system of Disaster Prevention and Protection Expert Consultation Committee, Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council and Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission. Acted as consultation advisor to government projects of science and technology for disaster reduction.